Skip to content


Books and websites on the iconography or divinatory meanings of all twenty-two trumps
(Sources that discuss a specific card are listed at the end of its separate page)

Ben-Dov, Yoav. Tarot: The Open Reading. Self-published, 2011.
Berti, Giordano and Andrea Vitali, eds. I Tarocchi: Le Carte di Corte. Italy: Nuova Alfa Editoriale, 1987.
Butler, Bill. Dictionary of the Tarot. New York: Schocken Books, 1975.
Charles, Judith. Tarot de Marseille: Développer L’Intuition par L’Observation. France: Dangles Éditions, 2008.
Cieri-Via, Claudia. “L’Iconografia degli Arcani Maggiori.” In Le Carte di Corte: I Tarocchi: Gioco e Magia alla Corte degli Estensi, edited by Giordano Berti and Andrea Vitali, 158-182. Italy: Nuova Alfa Editoriale, 1987.
Darche, Claude. Tarot: Outil de Développement Interieur. France: Dangles Éditions, 2008.
David, Jean-Michel. Reading the Marseille Tarot. Australia: Association for Tarot Studies, 2009.
Dorsini, Cristina. Visconti di Modrone Tarot: Art in Milan in 1400. Milan: Il Meneghello Edizioni, 2017.
Dorsini, Cristina. Visconti Brambilla Tarot: The Zavattari at the Visconti Court. Milan: Il Meneghello Edizioni, 2018.
Dorsini, Cristina. The Visconti Sforza Tarot: Milan from the Viscontis to the Sforzas. Milan: Il Meneghello Edizioni, 2019.
Dummett, Michael. The Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards. New York: George Braziller, Inc., 1986.
Fredericks, Emmi. The Smart Girl’s Guide to Tarot. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2004.
Gray, Eden. A Complete Guide to the Tarot. New York: Crown, 1970.
Greer, Mary K. Tarot Transformation. Great Britain: Aquarian Press, 1984. (Tarot for Yourself)
Huson, Paul. Mystical Origins of the Tarot. Vermont: Destiny Books, 2004.
Jodorowsky, Alejandro. The Way of Tarot. Vermont: Destiny Books, 2009.
Kaplan, Stuart R. The Encyclopedia of Tarot Volume II, 158-181. Stamford: U.S. Games Systems, Inc, 1986.
Katz, Marcus and Tali Goodwin. Secrets of the Waite-Smith Tarot. Llewelyn Publications, 2015.
Knight, Gareth. The Treasure House of Images. Vermont: Destiny Books, 1986.
Levi, Eliphas. Transcendental Magic. Translated by A. E. Waite. London: Rider & Co:, 1896, 1984 paperback.
Mattiuzzi, Antonia. I Tarocchi: Come Leggerli. Italy: BUR Manali, 2007.
Meldi, Diego. Tarocchi: Il Manuale Completo. Italy: Giunti Demetra, 2007.
Michelson, Teresa. The Complete Tarot Reader. Minnesota: Llewellyn, 2005.
Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. Alla Corte dei Trionfi. Riola: Hermetena, 2009.
Miro, Shaheen and Theresa Reed. Tarot for Troubled Times. Massachusetts: Weiser, 2019.
Papus. The Tarot of the Bohemians. A. P. Morton trans. California: Wilshire Book Company, 1970.
Pollack, Rachel. Seventy-Eight Degrees of Wisdom. London: Thorsons, 1997.
Pollack, Rachel. Tarot Wisdom. Minnesota: Llewellyn, 2008.
Robertson, Leeza. Pathworking the Tarot. Minnesota: Llewellyn, 2019.
Vitali, Andrea. “Iconografia dei tarocchi.” In Taroccchi: Arte e Magia, edited by Giordano Berti and Andrea Vitali, 77-119. Faneza: Edizioni le Tarot, 1994..
Vitali, Andrea and Terry Zanetti. I Tarocchi: Storia Arte Magia. Ravenna: Edizioni le Tarot. 2006.
Waite, Arthur Edward. The Pictorial Key to Tarot. Maine: Samuel Weiser, 2000.
Williams, Brian. A Renaissance Tarot. Stamford: U.S. Games Systems, Inc., 1994.
Wirth, Oswald. Tarot of the Magicians. California: RedWheel/Weiser, 2012.

General Tarot History
Decker, Ronald, Thierry DePaulis and Michael Dummett. A Wicked Pack of Cards: The Origins of the Occult Tarot. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.
Decker, Ronald, and Michael Dummett. A History of the Occult Tarot 1870-1970. London: Duckworth, 2002.
Dummett, Michael. The Game of Tarot: From Ferrara to Salt Lake City. London: Duckworth, 1980.

General Iconography
The Florentine Fior di Virtu of 1491 with facsimile woodcuts. Translated by Nicholas Fersin. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1953.
Ripa, Cesare. Iconologia, 1593 – guide to the symbolism in emblem books, many printings through the mid 1700s. PDF on Scribd:


Le Tarot: Associazione Culturale. Andrea Vitali. Translated into English by Michael S. Howard.

Robert O’Neill essays

Robert O’Neill on Waite

Michael Howard history of each trump card with a discussion of Jung

Tarot History Forum

History of Tarot and of each card

Trionfi History Home

%d bloggers like this: