The Three Soprafinos
Tarocchino Lombardo, the long out-of-print soprafino deck published by Il Solleone, fell into my hands recently. This gave me an opportunity to compare it with soprafino facsimiles by Lo Scarabeo and Il Meneghello. The the cards in the illustrations from left to right are: Lo Scarabeo, Il Solleone, Il Meneghello.
If you need a refresher on this deck style, here’s a page with everything you need to know.
The short version: About 1835, the printing house of Gumppenberg in Milan hired the artist Carlo Della Rocca to create an exquisitely beautiful engraved tarocchi deck. Since then, many of the deck’s unique design elements have been used in other decks printed in Lombardy and Piedmont.
Here’s a run-down of the features of each deck:
This is the real deal — a facsimile of the deck as it looks now complete with age marks and stains. A thin white line runs along the right edge where it appears the card was not centered exactly on its backing. The card stock is smooth and sturdy. Card backs are printed with subtle dots and circles in gray on cream. Card size: 2 millimeters shorter than the Il Solleone
This is a facsimile of a soprafino knock-off printed by Bordoni of Milan in1889. The lines are nearly identical to the Gumppenberg original, but close examination shows subtle differences.
The colors are rich and deep – sometimes so dark they obscure the details. Ink, especially the red, slops over the lines. You don’t see this in the other two decks, but it’s not nearly as bad as many stenciled decks. The intense sapphire blue is unique to this deck. It’s found on the Fool’s pants, the Star card’s water, and the sword blades of the ace and court cards of the swords suit. A few cards have minor cropping: The Fool card lost part of the dog’s front leg and the Fool’s bag. The background is cream with no staining. The publisher either worked from a pristine copy or cleaned the cards up.
A few images differ from Della Rocca’s original: The Ace Coins has a Mercury head instead of a woman. The King Rods holds what I can only describe as a pizza pan enclosing a white shield with a red cross.
I especially like the faces on the court cards. I’ve never liked the soprafino faces with their sickly pale skin and artificial pink spots on the cheeks. In this deck, the skin is a healthy flesh color and the faces look more real and robust. But for some reason, color has been omitted on the lips of some court figures. The Queen of Batons looks especially haggard.
The card backs have the Il Solleone logo of a sun and a crowned lion. Card size: 2.25 x 4.3 inches (5.75 x 11 centimeters.)
This deck is a bit larger than other two, and the colors are brighter, which makes it easier to see details and lines. The cards have a wider right margin with the card name in four languages, as in so many Lo Scarabeo decks. The background has light speckling and faint discoloration, but it doesn’t match the stains on the Il Meneghello deck. It seems Lo Scarabeo cleaned up the original stains then attempted to give the cards an aged look. Card stock is the same as most commercial decks.
Card backs show the Star card printed upright and reversed in sepia. Card size: 2.5 x 4.75 inches (6.5 by 12 centimeters).
Which deck to get if you can only have one.
Lo Scarabeo seems to be identical to Il Meneghello with more subtle stains. It’s best for studying details. The borders ruin it aesthetically, but if you can ignore them, it’s a good, inexpensive deck for shuffling.
Il Solleoni/Bordoni: If I were going to read with a soprafino, I’d use this deck. It feels good in the hand, is sturdy, has strong colors, and is aesthetically pleasing. It’s the kind of deck I would have owned if I had lived in the 19th century.
Tarocchino Lombardo inciso da Carlo Dellarocca, Milano, @1835. Edizioni del Solleone, a cura de Vito Arienti, Lissone, Italia, 1981. 2,500 printed. (Facsimile of a deck printed by Bordoni, Milan, 1889)
Classical Tarots, Lo Scarabeo, Torino, Italy, 1999. Still in print.
Tarocco Soprafino di F. Gumppenberg, Milano 1835. Edizioni Il Meneghello, Milano 1992. 2,000 printed.
Here’s an article about another soprafino variant originally published by the Avondo Brothers and reprinted by Lo Scarabeo.